Barolo - The quintessential Italian wine

Barolo is an Italian wine produced in the Piedmont region of Italy. It is renowned for its richness, character and longevity. Barolo is considered one of the best Italian wines and is often compared to great French wines.

What characteristics are generally attributed to a Barolo?

Barolo is one of the most prestigious wines in the world, often called the "wine of kings, kings of wines". The wines are complex, powerful and long-lasting, with a strong tannin structure that requires significant aging to soften. Barolo is produced in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy, in the towns of Barolo, La Morra, Castiglione Falletto and Serralunga d'Alba.

Wines made from Nebbiolo are often very tannic, with high acidity. This grape is known for producing wines with complex aromas and flavors, such as dried flowers, tar and truffle. Barolo is generally made in a traditional style, with prolonged maceration and aging in large oak barrels.

Barolo wines are generally aged for at least five years before release, and sometimes much longer. Wines are often cellared for decades, and can continue to improve with age.

What is the Barolo grape variety?

The Barolo grape variety is Nebbiolo . Nebbiolo is a red grape variety native to the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy. It is the main grape variety of the “Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita” (DOCG) Barolo. It is also found in the DOCG Barbaresco and Gattinara. Nebbiolo produces lightly colored red wines that can be very tannic when young. Nebbiolo-based wines may require years of aging to refine and round out their tannin structure.

The first mention of Nebbiolo dates back to 1268, in a document from the Palazzo della Torre, in the municipality of Alba, in the Piedmont region. The grape variety is mentioned again in 1556, in an agricultural treatise by Piero di Cosimo de Medici. In the 19th century, Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, one of the leading figures of Italian Risorgimento, described Barolo as "the king of wines and the wine of kings"

Nebbiolo originates from the Piedmont region and its name is derived from the Italian word for fog, nebbia. This grape variety is difficult to cultivate and is susceptible to a number of vine diseases including powdery mildew, downy mildew and botrytis. The grape's thin skin also makes it particularly susceptible to damage from wind and frost.

When to drink a Barolo?

Barolo is a special occasion wine. It will be perfect for a festive meal, a romantic dinner or a dinner with wine lovers. It is often enjoyed around foods with intense flavors, such as game, lamb, black mushrooms or long-aged cheeses.

What is the difference between Barolo and Barbaresco?

Barolo and Barbaresco are two types of red wine produced in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy from the Nebbiolo grape variety, and are renowned for their high quality and unique flavors.

The main difference between the 2 wines comes from the nature of the soils. Those from Barbaresco are more fertile and rich in nutrients giving less tannic wines. Those from Barolo are, for their part, poorer, giving rise to more tannic and more rustic wines.

Barolo is produced in the province of Cuneo, while Barbaresco is produced in the province of Asti. The two wines have different production methods:

  • Barolo is made using the traditional method of "long maceration", where the skins of the grapes are in contact with the wine for an extended period of time, giving the wine its characteristic tannic and robust taste.
  • Barbaresco is made using the "short maceration" method, where the skins of the grapes are in contact with the wine for a shorter period, resulting in a smoother, more elegant taste.


The two wines also differ in their aging conditions: Barolo must be aged for at least 38 months, while Barbaresco must be aged for at least 32 months.

Barolo is often described as the "king of wines" due to its full-bodied and powerful taste, while Barbaresco is often called the "queen of wines" due to its more delicate taste.

So, what is the difference between Barolo and Barbaresco?

Simply put, Barolo is a more full-bodied and robust wine, while Barbaresco is a more delicate and elegant wine.

What are the best vintages for Barolo?

The best vintages for Barolo vary depending on personal taste and wine style preferences. Some of the most famous vintages for Barolo are:

  • 2015: is considered an exceptional vintage. It was characterized by ideal climatic conditions with a hot and dry summer which led to perfect ripening of the grapes.
  • 2010: a hot and dry vintage which produced rich and concentrated Barolos with aromas of ripe red fruits, cherry and rose.
  • 2006: a hot summer interspersed with two heavy downpours which produced balanced Barolos with aromas of red fruits, blackcurrant and violet.
  • 2001: an excellent vintage both in quality and quantity. Perfect structure and maturity, although it will lack a bit of acidity.
  • 1996: a cool and humid vintage which produced elegant and balanced Barolos with aromas of cherry, blackcurrant and violet.

It is important to note that this is just an overview and there are other vintages that can be considered excellent for Barolo.

What are the best Barolo?

It's difficult to determine which are the "best" Barolos in the world, as it largely depends on one's personal preferences. However, there are some wine houses that are widely considered to produce high quality Barolo. Here are some examples of wine houses recognized for the quality of their Barolo:

  • Giacomo Conterno : this house represents the classic and timeless style of Barolo with wines aged for long periods in old barrels, capable of improving over more than 30 years. Their Monfortino is considered one of the greatest and authentic wines of Italy, similar to Gianfranco Soldera's Brunello di Montalcino.

  • Bruno Giacosa : he was a notable personality in the Italian wine world, particularly in the Barolo and Barbaresco regions. He was introduced very early to the selection of grapes during the harvest, which allowed him to build a reputation as a quality merchant before acquiring his own vineyard.

  • GD Vajra : Aldo and Milena Vajra have managed to build a successful and renowned business over the years, thanks to one thing: their passion for producing the best Barolo

  • Ceretto : The Ceretto estate is a 160 hectare vineyard spread over 4 cellars, which produces 17 different wines. It comes from an exceptional terroir and is highlighted by family know-how.

  • Borgogno : created in 1761, it is one of the oldest estates in the Piedmont Region, Italy.

There are of course many other wine houses that produce quality Barolo , so it is important to taste different wines to find the one that suits you best.

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